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Thread: On this day in?

  1. #1

    Default On this day in?

    Just some more useless or useful information to be posted here to reflect the days gone by and what happened on this particular day in History. Anything can be posted here as long as it happened on the day of the post in Present/History
    Anyway here is something to start.

    1815 - Napoleon Bonaparte began his exile on the remote island of St. Helena in the Atlantic Ocean.

    1844 - German philosopher Friedich Wilhelm Nietzsche was born.

    1860 - Grace Bedell, 11 years old, wrote a letter to presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln. The letter stated that Lincoln would look better if he would grow a beard.

    1883 - The U.S. Supreme Court struck down part of the Civil Rights Act of 1875. It allowed for individuals and corporations to discriminate based on race.

    1892 - The U.S. government announced that the land in the western Montana was open to settlers. The 1.8 million acres were bought from the Crow Indians for 50 cents per acre.

    1914 - The Clayton Antitrust Act was passed by the U.S. Congress.

    1917 - Mata Hari was executed by a French firing squad. Hari was a Dutch dancer that had spied for Germany.

    1931 - "Cat and the Fiddle" opened in New York for the first of 395 performances.

    1937 - "To Have and Have Not" by Ernest Hemingway was published for the first time.

    1939 - New York Municipal Airport was dedicated. The name was later changed to La Guardia Airport.

    1945 - Pierre Laval, the former premier of Vichy France, was executed for treason.

    1946 - Hermann Goering, a Nazi war criminal and founder of the Gestapo, poisoned himself just hours before his scheduled execution.

    1951 - "I Love Lucy" premiered on CBS-TV.

    1953 - "Teahouse of the August Moon" opened on Broadway. It ran for 1,027 performances.

    1962 - The Cuban Missile Crisis began. It was on this day that U.S. intelligence personnel analyzing data discovered Soviet medium-range missle sites in Cuba. On October 22 U.S. President John F. Kennedy announced that he had ordred the naval "quarantine" of Cuba.

    1964 - It was announced that Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev had been removed from power. He was replaced with Alexei N. Kosygin.

    1966 - U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signed a bill creating the Department of Transportation.

    1973 - "Tomorrow" debuted on NBC-TV.

    1983 - U.S. Marines killed five snipers who had pinned them down in Beirut International Airport.

    1989 - South African officials released eight prominent political prisoners.

    1989 - Wayne Gretzky, while playing for the Los Angeles Kings, surpassed Gordie Howe's NHL scoring record of 1,850 career points.

    1993 - U.S. President Clinton sent warships to enforce trade sanctions that had been imposed on Haitian military rulers.

    1993 - South Africa's President F.W. de Klerk and African National Congress President Nelson Mandela were named winners of the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts to end the apartheid system in South Africa.

    1997 - British Royal Air Force pilot Andy Green broke the land-speed record by driving a jet-powered car faster than the speed of sound.

    1997 - The Cassini-Huygens mission was launched from Cape Canaveral, FL. On January 14, 2005, a probe sent back pictures of Saturn's moon Titan during and after landing.

    1998 - Typhoon Zeb killed 24 people and drove 100,000 more from their homes when it hit the Philippines.

    1998 - The U.N. condemned the U.S. economic embargo on Cuba for the seventh year in a row.

    1998 - James Woods received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

    2001 - NASA's Galileo spacecraft passed within 112 miles of Jupiter's moon Io.

  2. #2

    Default Re: On this Day in ????

    Quote Originally Posted by BIG BWACULL View Post
    1998 - James Woods received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

    2001 - NASA's Galileo spacecraft passed within 112 miles of Jupiter's moon Io.
    anything from the ridiculous to the sublime you reckon

  3. #3

    Default Re: On this Day in ????

    Good list but missed one m8...

    On this day in 1965 a young Lert married his child bride.. and we are still at it
    Why is it that old people are advised to have long term investments

  4. #4

    Default Re: On this Day in ????

    Quote Originally Posted by Lert View Post
    Good list but missed one m8...

    On this day in 1965 a young Lert married his child bride.. and we are still at it
    Congrats, no matter how much you love em, sometimes its like
    Keep it up (wink wink nudge nudge)

  5. #5

    Default Re: On this Day in ????

    1793: Marie-Antoinette loses her head

    Nine months after the execution of her husband, the former King Louis XVI of France, Marie-Antoinette follows him to the guillotine. The daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor Francis I, she married Louis in 1770 to strengthen the French-Austria alliance. At a time of economic turmoil in France, she lived extravagantly and encouraged her husband to resist reform of the monarchy. In one episode, she allegedly responded to news that the French peasantry had no bread to eat by callously replying, Let them eat cake. The increasing revolutionary uproar convinced the king and queen to attempt escape to Austria in 1791, but they were captured by revolutionary forces and carried back to Paris. In 1792, the French monarchy was abolished, and Louis and Marie-Antoinette were condemned for treason.


    British Home Secretary Micheal Howard announces stringent new gun controls following the mass shooting of children at a school in Dunblane in Scotland.
    Finland votes to join the European Union.
    In the Vatican, in Rome, Polish -born Cardinal Karol Wojtyla is elected Pope John Paul II - the first non-Italian Pope since 1542.
    American Secretary of State Henry Kissinger wins the Noble Peace Prize.
    China explodes an atomic bomb to become the fifth nation to have a nuclear capability.
    Britain's most popular children's television programme 'Blue Peter' is first broadcast on BBC TV. The first presenters are Leila Williams and Christopher Trace.
    At least 10 Nazi war criminals are executed as sentences handed down by judges at the Nuremburg War Trials begin to be carried out. Among those hanged are General Alfred Jodl; Field Marshall Wilhelm Keitel; Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop - a former Ambassador to Great Britain; Wilhelm Frick and Julius Streicher.
    In New York, Mrs Margaret Sanger opens her first birth control clinc.
    First aeroplane flight in Britain is made by American showman 'Colonel' Samuel Franklyn Cody .
    Britain opens its first 'Borstal' detention centre at the village of Borstal in Kent. The institution is designed to keep boys - especially first offenders - away from adult criminals in prisons; to teach them a trade and to reward good behaviour.
    First edition of the British newspaper 'The People' - later to be renamed'The Sunday People'.
    American anti-slavery supporter John Brown, having embarked on a scheme to liberate Southern slaves through armed intervention, leads followers to capture the US arsenal at Harper's Ferry. Brown is recaptured by the Confederacy the following day and hung for treason several weeks later.
    An anaesthetic is successfully used for the first time at a hospital in Massachusetts. Dentist William Morton uses diethyl ether before removing a tumour from a man's jaw .
    1847: The classic novel 'Jane Eyre', written by Charlotte Bronte, is published under her pseudonym of Currer Bell.
    In Britain, the original Houses of Parliament in London are almost completely destroyed by fire.
    Following his defeat the the Battle of Waterloo, former French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte is exiled to the island of St Helena.
    Napoleon Bonaparte's French Army is defeated in the 'Battle of the Nations' at Leipzig.
    English bishops Hugh Latimer and Nicholas Ridley are burnt at the stake for heresy.

  6. #6

    Default Re: On this day in?

    1973: OPEC cuts production

    The Arab-dominated Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) agrees to cut oil exports by 5 percent until Israel withdraws from territories occupied in the Yom Kippur War. Failing to achieve that result, Saudi Arabia and several other nations cut oil production more dramatically. They imposed a total oil embargo against the United States and the Netherlands in retaliation for their military support of Israel. The embargo caused a major energy crisis in the United States and Europe, which included price gouging, gas shortages, and rationing. OPEC cut production several more times in the 1970s, and by 1980 the price of crude oil was 10 times what it had been in 1973.

    England international footballer Paul Gascoigne is accused of beating up his wife Sheryl at a hotel in Scotland.
    In Britain, four independent television companies: TV-am, Thames, TVS and TSW lose their licences to broadcast following a 'sealed bid' system of awarding the franchises by the Independent Television Commission.
    In Rome, the first ever meeting between a British monarch,Queen Elizabeth II and the Pope during a State Visit to the Vatican.
    The start of a major world oil crisis when oil producing Arab states increase prices by 70 per cent and cut production in protest at US support for Israel in the Yom Kippur War against Egypt.
    In America, thousands join a major anti-Vietnam War demonstration.
    Emerging 'pop' group 'The Beatles' make their first appearance on British TV.
    Queen Elizabeth II opens Calder Hall in Cumbria - Britian's first large scale atomic energy station.
    The German-made Porsche is the main attraction at the opening of the Motor Show in London.
    In Argentina, thousands of trade unionists march through Buenos Aires demanding that Colonel Juan Peron is released from prison and re-instated at the head of Government.
    In London, newspaper owner Lord Beaverbrook promises King Edward VI that he'll arrange for the British press to remain silent on the subject of his relationship with American divorcee Mrs Wallis Simpson.
    In Germany, an announcement from Berlin says Adolf Hitler is to keep his titles of Fuhrer and Reich Chancellor for life.
    In America, Chicago mobster Al Capone is jailed for 11 years for tax evasion.
    France announces the building of a new line of defences along its frontier with Germany. The hugely expensive line of concrete, pill boxes and gun emplcements, known as the 'Maginot Line', proves pointless. At the start of World War II German troops enter France after first invading Belgium.
    In Britain, Mona Maclennan admits that her claim to have swum the English Channel in a record time of 13 hours and 12 minutes was a hoax
    An earthquake centred on Greece kills more than 3,000.
    The world's first professional golf tournament is held at Prestwick in Scotland, and won by Willie Park.
    British military commander General Burgoyne surrenders his troops to the American Colonists led by General Horatio Gates at Saratoga during the American War of Independence.
    Charles II defeated at the Battle of Worcester, and flees to France after famously escaping from Oliver Cromwell's forces by hiding in an oak tree.
    Attached Images  

  7. #7

    Default Re: On this day in?

    Born in in the wide-open copper mining town of Butte, Montana October 17, 1938, Robert Craig Knievel was raised by his grandparents. At age eight he saw Joey Chitwood's Auto Daredevil Show which he credits for hi later career choice to become a motorcycle daredevil.

    Outstanding in track and field, ski jumping and ice hockey at Butte High School he went on to win the Northern Rocky Mountain Ski Association Class A Men's ski jumping championship in 1957 and to play with the Charlotte Clippers of the Eastern Hockey League in 1959. He then formed the Butte Bombers semiprofessional hockey team, acting as owner, manager, coach and player.

    In 1965 he began his daredevil career when he formed a troupe called Evel Knievel's Motorcycle Daredevils, a touring show in which he performed stunts such as riding through fire walls, jumping over live rattlesnakes and mountain lions and being towed at 200 miles an hour behind dragster race cars holding on to a parachute. In 1966 he began touring alone, barnstorming the Western states. Evel did everything himself, including truck driving, ramp erecting, promoting and performing his ever longer and more dangerous motorcycle jumps. In the beginning he charged $500 for a jump over two cars parked between ramps. He steadily increased the length of the jumps and then on New Years Day 1968, he jumped 151 feet across the fountains in front of Caesar's Palace in Las Vegas. Successfully clearing the fountains, his landing was a disaster, and his injuries put him in the hospital in a coma for 30 days. While recovering, he decided to make it his goal to jump the Grand Canyon. In the next few years the payment for his performances increased to $1 million for his jump over 13 buses at Wembley Stadium in London and over $6 million for the Snake River Canyon jump.

    International media attention to Evel's heroic, death-defying feats and his popular messages to the world's youth, promoting abstention from drugs and a healthy lifestyle with a positive mental attitude quickly transformed him into a National Icon. He became America's Legendary Daredevil. Though having attained super-star status, and genuine friendships with other stars like Elvis Presley, Jackie Gleason and Muhammed Ali, he remained affable and accessible to ordinary working people and children.

  8. #8

    Default Re: On this day in?

    1648 Peace of Westphalia

    The Treaty of Westphalia is signed, ending the Thirty Years War and radically shifting the balance of power in Europe. The Thirty Years War, a series of wars fought by various European nations for various reasons, ignited in 1618 over an attempt by the king of Bohemia (the future Holy Roman emperor Ferdinand II) to impose Catholicism throughout his domains. Protestant nobles rebelled, and by the 1630s most of continental Europe was at war. As a result of the Treaty of Westphalia, the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved, Sweden gained control of the Baltic, independence of the Netherlands from Spain was fully recognized, and France was acknowledged as the preeminent Western power. The war had devastated Europe, particularly Germany, where unpaid armies of mercenaries plundered and ravaged cities, towns, and farms.

    Britain's main church leaders attack the setting up of Britain's first National Lottery, accusing it of undermining public culture and damaging society.
    US television preacher Jim Bakker is given a 45 year jail sentence and final $500,000 for swindling his followers out of a millions of dollars.
    British Formula One driver James Hunt becomes the World Motor Racing Champion.
    British actor Richard Burton buys his wife, American actress Elizabeth Taylor, a 69.42 carat diamond costing more than a million dollars.
    In Africa, Zambia proclaims its independence.
    The United Nations Charter comes into force.
    Execution of Norweigan leader Vidkum Quisling after being found guilty of treason during World War II for collaborating with the Germans.
    American gangster Al Capone starts an 11 year prison sentence in Alcatraz after being found guilty of tax evasion. He is released in 1939 and dies in 1947.
    Start of the 'Wall Street Crash' which wipes millions of dollars off the value of shares in America and triggers falls on stock markets around the world
    In Italy, at the Fascist Congress in Naples, leader Benito Mussolini demands a place in the Italian Government.
    To help raise money to pay her mortgage, Mrs Ann Edson Taylor goes over Niagra Falls in a padded barrel - and survives.
    The founding of the world's first official football club, Sheffield Football Club, in Yorkshire, England by a group of former students from Cambridge University.

  9. #9

    Default Re: On this day in?

    1854 Charge of the Light Brigade

    In an event alternately described as one of the most heroic or disastrous episodes in British military history, Lord James Cardigan leads a charge of the Light Brigade cavalry against well-defended Russian artillery during the Crimean War. The British were winning the Battle of Balaclava when Cardigan received his order to attack the Russians. His cavalry gallantly charged down the valley and were decimated by the heavy Russian guns, suffering 40 percent casualties. It was later revealed that the order was the result of confusion and was not given intentionally. Lord Cardigan, who survived the battle, was hailed as a national hero in Britain.

    Fans gathered outside Buckingham Palace, sing 'Congratulations' after singer Cliff Richard formally receives his knighthood.
    At least 2,000 US Marines are involved in the invasion of Grenada.
    Queen Elizabeth II opens the new Anglican Cathedral in Liverpool.
    The new National Theatre on the South Bank in London, is officially opened.
    Taiwan is expelled from the United Nations - which means the People's Republic of China is now prepared to agree to join.
    In Britain, Parliament passes the controversial Race Relations Bill.
    In Britain, the first edition of the satirical magazine 'Private Eye'
    West Germany officially declares former German leader Adolf Hitler is dead.
    In Britain, aged 26, Margaret Roberts (Thatcher) of the Conservative Party becomes the youngest candidate to stand at a general election. The Conservatives win a narrow overall majority but the future British Prime Minister fails to win the seat.
    The world's first radio 'request' programme is broadcast by a station in Berlin. Its called 'You Ask-We Play'.
    In New York, the opening of the George Washington Bridge between the island of Manhattan and New Jersey - the longest suspension bridge to have been built.
    In Russia, the begining of the 'October Revolution'. Lenin and the Bolsheviks seize the Winter Palace in Petrograd and overthrow the provincial Government.
    In Manchuria, the murder of Prince Ito of Japan by a Korean fanatic. Japan imposes a dictatorship in Korea.
    Britian annexes the former Boer South African Republic and renames it the Transvaal Colony.
    Britain officially annexes the Fiji Islands in the South Pacific.
    In Britain, the first publication of Bradshaw's national railway timetable.
    In the 'Hundred Year's War', the English Army, under King Henry V, defeats a vastly superior French Army at the Battle of Agincourt.

  10. #10

    Default Re: On this day in?

    1929: U.S. stock market crashes

    An unstable world economy reaches its breaking point as investors on Wall Street trade 16 million shares on the New York Stock Exchange in a single day. Billions of dollars were lost, and the stock ticker ran several hours behind because of the furious level of trading. Among other causes, the collapse was brought on by a period of wild speculation, the proliferation of debt, and an excess of large bank loans that could not be liquidated. In the aftermath of Black Tuesday, the industrialized world spiraled into the Great Depression. A decade of epidemic unemployment, bread lines, and demonstrations for social revolution followed.

    Iain Duncan Smith is ousted from his seat as leader of the Tory party in a no-confidnece vote.
    American boxer Thomas Hearns wins the world middleweight title - the first boxer to win a world title at four different weights.
    In Britain, the opening of the final section of the M25 - the motorway around Greater London designed to relieve traffic congestion within the capital.
    In Australia, Lindy Chamberlain is sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder of her nine-week-old baby who disappeared on a family trip into the outback. She claims the baby had been killed and eaten by a dingo which had come into the camp and taken the child from their tent.
    In Britain, more than 20 people are injured in an IRA bomb attack on a resturant at Mayfair in London.
    Palestinian terrorists hi-jack a German airliner and demand the release of three arab terrorists captured during the massacre of Israeli athletes at the Olympic Games in Munich.
    In East Africa, the union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar to become Tanzania.
    The opening of the Harwell Atomic Energy Research Establishment.
    'Black Tuesday': the continuing 'Wall Street Crash' which began the week before on Thursday, October 24. The 'Great Depression' in the American economy lasts until 1932.
    Turkey is proclaimed a Republic
    Signing of the Suez Canal Convention in Constantinople - allowing for the canal to be open to all nations in war as well as in peace.
    Swiss philanthropist Henri Dunant founds the International Red Cross, after seeing the number of casualties at the Battlle of Solferino in northern Italy, and noting how many die from their untreated wounds.
    Mozart's opera 'Don Giovanni' is performed for the first time, in Prague.
    English seafarer and explorer Sir Walter Raleigh, once a favourite of Queen Elizabeth I, is beheaded at Whitehall in London.

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