Until 1814, the full punishment for the crime of treason was to be hanged, drawn and quartered in that the condemned prisoner would be:
- Dragged on a hurdle (a wooden frame) to the place of execution.
- Hanged by the neck for a short time or until almost dead.
- Disembowelled and emasculated and the genitalia and entrails burned before the condemned's eyes.
- Beheaded and the body divided into four parts.
Typically, the resulting five parts (i.e. the four quarters of the body and the head) were gibbeted (put on public display) in different parts of the city, town, or, in famous cases, in the country, to deter would-be traitors who had not seen the execution.